Dementia is a term used to describe a large group of illnesses that cause a progressive decline in a person’s functioning.
It is not a normal part of ageing, although it is more common in older people and affects about one in four people over the age of 85.
Here are some important facts:
- Common symptoms include confusion, personality changes, apathy, withdrawal, loss of ability to perform everyday tasks, emotional changes
- Dementia is more common over the age of 65, although people in their 40s and 50s can also have it
- Dementia is not a normal part of ageing.
- The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease (50-70% of all cases)
- At present there is no prevention or cure for dementia however some medications have been found to relieve some symptoms in some people
- The symptoms of dementia worsen over time, leading to significant difficulties for the person with the condition and those who care for them
For many people changes in behaviour are a common issue as dementia advances. This is due to the deterioration of the brain and is outside the control of the person with dementia.
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